First Aid for your pet
August 4, 2019
- Keep your regular veterinarian’s phone number and the after-hours veterinarian’s phone number in a place you can easily find them. Include directions or maps so you know how to get there even when you are worried or in a hurry.
- Have a written list of your dog’s important health information including diagnosed medical conditions and medications that s/he takes.
- Assemble a first aid kit and know where you keep it. First aid kits for pets contain many of the same things that a first aid kit for people would have.
- Purchase a pet first aid book from redcrossstore.org
Pet First Aid Kit Contents and Usage
|Gauze Squares||Bandaging wounds|
|Gauze Rolls||Bandaging wounds|
|Cohesive wrap||Bandaging wounds|
|Antibiotic Ointment||Applying to minor wounds|
|Gloves||Keeping hands and wounds clean|
|Hydrogen Peroxide||To induce vomiting|
|Muzzle||Preventing upset pets from biting|
|Nail Clippers||Trimming broken or torn nails|
|Styptic powder||Stopping bleeding nails|
|Leash||Capturing/restraining pets that are afraid|
|Petroleum Jelly||Taking the temperature|
| Thermometer |
|Taking the temperature|
|Benadryl (Diphenhydramine)||Allergic reactions|
|Tweezers||Removing foreign objects|
|Scissors with blunt ends||Bandaging wounds|
|Sterile saline eye wash||Flushing debris from eyes or wounds|
|Pet First Aid Book||Reference|
Know What’s Normal
- Heart Rate (HR) 60 – 120 beats per minute is normal for a resting dog (small dogs and puppies can be slightly higher). Cats is 120-140 beats per second in home environment. Count how many times your pet’s heart beats in a 15 second interval and then multiple it by 4.
- Breathing Rate (RR) 10 – 30 breaths per minute is normal for a dog or cat at rest. Count how many times your pet’s chest rises in a 15 second interval and then multiple it by 4.
- Temperature (Temp) 100° – 102.5° temperatures lower than 100° or higher than 104° require a trip to the veterinarian
- Mucus Membrane Color (mm color) Pink is the normal color of your pet’s gums and inner lips. Very pale, white, blue, yellow, cherry red or brick red mucus membranes indicate a need for urgent care.
- Capillary Refill Time (CRT) 1-2 seconds is normal. If the pink color returns in less than 1 second or more than 3 seconds you should call a veterinarian.